http://www.smartcitiesindia.com/ (India recently also has been quite keen in smart cities with plans to have 100 of them…the first 3 awarded to USTDA in recent President Obama visit. I may plan to visit their smartcities Expo in May)
Sample of 86 countries
- Open data initiatives that receive both senior-level government backing and sustained resources are much more likely to achieve impact. This demonstrates that Open Government Data (OGD) initiatives, as they become established, can provide a clear return on effort and investment.
- Much more needs to be done to support data-enabled democracy around the world. There has been very limited expansion of transparency and accountability impacts from OGD over the last year. Of the countries included in the Barometer, just 8% publish open data on government spending, 6% publish open data on government contracts, and a mere 3% publish open data on the ownership of companies. Citizens have a similarly difficult time accessing data on the performance of key public services — just 7% of countries release open data on the performance of health services, and 12% provide corresponding figures on education.
- To maximise impact, open data needs go local. Political impacts from open data are greater in countries that have city-level open data activities. Widespread availability of data skills training is also correlated with higher political impact.
- Global progress towards embedding open data policies stalled in 2014. While many countries with moderate or strong OGD initiatives in 2013 have seen steady growth in the availability and impacts of OGD, a number of countries have slipped backwards over the last 12 months. Many of the countries that made initial steps with OGD in 2012/13 have not sustained their OGD commitments and activities. Government that is “open by default” is a long way off for most of the world’s citizens.
- A small number of countries are moving towards requiring proactive disclosure of government data as part of their Right to Information (RTI) laws — effectively establishing a Right to Data. This should be welcomed. However, the open data policies of most countries continue to lack legislative backing. The continued weakness of data protection laws — particularly in light of continued revelations and concerns about data mining by corporations and states — is a cause for concern.
- For data to be considered truly open, it must be published in bulk, machine-readable formats, and under an open license. This year, just over 10% of the 1,290 different datasets surveyed for the Barometer met these criteria — a small but significant increase from 2013, when 7% of datasets were published in full open data format. Thirty-one countries have at least one open dataset, and just over 50% of the datasets surveyed among the 11 top-ranked countries qualified as fully open.
Video Notes (2.8.15)
Rob Atkinson – author –public policy – national security chair
1. Innovations in transportation for a long time came from Civil Engineering in building freeways and bridges etc. but we maxed out in that area.
2. Now there is a need to replace civil engineers with electrical engineers to build the future – the future is on IT innovation
3. GAO report: If roads were made intelligent through information technology – – if we know the road conditions of every road in real time through a traveler information system the Benefits/Cost ratio will be 27: 1
4. We are continuing to build the roads rather than making the existing roads smarter through IT technology.
5. Traffic lights could be more intelligent: waste a lot of time for citizens and businesses. UPS incurs a loss of 100 million for every 5min delay in traffic annually
6. There is no system accountability when we build and make investments –no incentives to measure on road performance for congestion and air pollution so cities pass on the costs to citizens as more taxes.
7. When smart systems are absent – the cost of idle and inefficient capacity is passed on by raising tickets, taxes, tolls 8. Businesses Investments are made in money making ventures – this is not the case in building surface transportation in cities or national highways – more money gets poured with accountability.
9. Performance Based Systems are necessary based on traffic reduction, eliminating congestion, improving air quality, etc. 10. Most ridership during congestion time is discretionary – citizens can choose other routes and times. 11. 90% of the time after roads are built the ridership is lower and cost of maintaining is higher – this proves poor investment – improving the existing structure with smart technology is better investment.
IBM Director of global rail innovation center
1. Benefits of smart systems are realized when they operate in end-to-end holistically. Smart system in transportation needs smart network where smart planes – smart trucks – smart roads – smart metro, etc. all connect.
2. Smart systems are: a. Instrumented: EPC: Things report on themselves – RFID code b. Interconnected: IOT: UPS needs to connect with trading company, the insurance company, the safety standards company, the container shipping company to move the product cost effectively. c. Intelligence – more information you have more likely that you will be correct – cognitive computing.
3. Need the whole system to be smart – end to end multi modem – Optimization within individual companies like UPS trucks, Airlines, Manufacturing companies etc will not do it – the city infrastructure will need to be smart.
4. All transportation systems need to connect for optimization: Metro – subway – high speed rail -buses- trains – surface trams –planes all need to connect – there needs to be a system
5. Digital Corridors: Run trains closer together – control remotely – monitoring them in real time
6. Need to take Electrical engineering further by doing better Math. Math is cheaper than locomotives – information replacing physical assets
7. Two ways to solve the problem: Build more rail and freeways or empower the existing infrastructure with technology.
Red dress example UPS: Director of Global of VP of Engineering
1. Predictive traffic patterns – every 5min delay in traffic costs UPS 100 million annually.
2. UPS is a technology company – 1 billion /year investment information technology
3. Employs Knowledge based system: Bar-code- zip-code – tracking – route planning – customer labels – RIFC codes – electronic clip boards
4. They operate 90,000 vehicles /day – 55,000 to 72.000 delivery trucks – 15 million packages a day
5. Each truck has over 200 sensors: on parts for preventative maintenance – to gauge usage of parts – failure of parts – improve performance – replace parts in time.
6. Sensors that help gauge driver behavior: truck backing and seat belts – both cause accidents – off areas –miles driven – open/close doors – better planning routes – theft prevention.
7. Save 70 million/year: 55000 trucks; 132000 stops. Save 1.5 sec engaging the engine and 1.5 opening door electronically. This saves 3 sec/driver/stop = 6.5 min per driver = $70 million/year
8. Planning route mapping systems to spend least amount on the road
Jet Blue: Director of strategic air space programs
1. Most airports are capped out for capacity – using the infrastructure precisely monitored saves minutes –– this increases capacity – more landings and takeoffs on time
2. One minute savings in the airport landing block time in the Jet Blue system can land another plane – improve separation between planes based on intelligence – fog – smog – visibility
3. We can do more with what we have rather than pour more concrete.
Department Commerce: Director of Transportation
1. Build it here and sell it every where
2. How do we increase exports – that is where the growth is – we have the tools, raw materials and resources to do it but we don’t.
3. How do we keep jobs? By providing good transportation systems to provide incentives – increased costs in transportation makes us non-competitive
4. Public/Private Partnerships Example: · New Market Exporter Initiative: UPS and FecEX export to SMEs – they have the data base as to where their customers ship to who the cust are – in most cases they export to only one country. Commence department has data on which other companies they can ship to in other countries. Commerce department has identified for the 1500 FedEx and UPS potential customers their shippers can ship to in other countries.
5. Average Tourist to the US spends $3000 – good stimulus for the economy – make it attractive by making transportation expenses low – provide convenience and time save.
Synthesizing IBM’s core ideas (youtube video) -4.4.15
Mid-Term: Group Presentation on Mar 2nd
This is an exercise your group had already started in India. Develop one use case on safety and security. Do some more research and contact people in India if necessary and make a formal presentation. The judges will be the Consulate General of India and several Corporate Executives that are involved in Building Smart Cities in India.
Group Assignment – Understanding the business model of your city: Due Jan 26
Below are the financial statements of each of your cities from the public domain:
The objective is for you to understand the current “Business Model” of the city you had selected to come up with a new business model of each of the cities by leveraging some of the smart city initiatives that they have been researching. Understanding the financials: The city balance sheet and Income statements will help you come up with innovative models that will:
- Reduce costs, pollution, traffic, waste, crime and citizens’ time.
- Optimize utilization of existing assets – shift from “asset ownership” to “asset access” to generate revenue
- Increase productivity and efficiency of citizens by investing new technologies.
- Create new and innovative ways to generate revenue.
Spend some time going over the financial during the class time (4pm -5:30pm) to understand the revenue and expenses of the city as well as its Balance Sheet items. Please write a blog about your individual thoughts and ideas under the day 11 prompt on the course website. This will set the stage for your final project deliverables where you will need create a pro-forma Income Statement and Balance Sheet for each city to show return on investment on your smart city initiatives your group will propose.
Mid-Term: Group Presentation on Mar 2nd
This is an exercise your group had already started in India. Do some more research and contact people in India if necessary and make a formal presentation. The judges will be the Consulate General of India and several Corporate Executives that are involved in Building Smart Cities in India.
Individual Assignment – Personal Innovation Plan – Due Mar 11th
Create a Business Model Canvass for yourself as an individual. We all have a business model for ourselves – we create value for others and capture that value. Create a business model canvas for yourself – the canvas was presented to you in India. Use the same framework in coming up with a Personal Innovation Plan (a business model) for yourself. I will share mine with you in class to get you started that will serve as a model.
Final Group Project Deliverables:
Study and analyze city’s annual budget and financial reports (study of past 10 year trend)
- Study of demographics, infrastructure, quality and quantitative factors impacting economic growth, consumption of resources, and the
- Evaluation of the Revenue and Cost structure of the
- Sustainability study and evaluation of the city’s current triple bottom line (economic, social and environmental)
- Recommendation of smart city initiatives to improve the triple bottom line based on best practices and anticipated technological
- Recommendation for investment and payback
- Measurable CSR
- Recommendations of phase-in modules to work within the cities capital
- Recommendation of explicit Open Innovation processes in creating, designing, building, planning and managing the cities to sustain themselves.
Please visit google drive to view and submit all files: